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However, the Sultanate was weakened by factional division and Tengku Abdu'r Rahman and his officials were loyal to Tengku Rahman's elder brother Tengku Long who was living in exile in Riau.
With the Temenggong's help, Raffles managed to smuggle Tengku Long back into Singapore.
), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
It lies one degree (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
After the First World War, the British built the large Singapore Naval Base as part of the defensive Singapore strategy.There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name to be firmly established.and the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung (蒲 罗 中).Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India Company; after the latter's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony.During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan.